What is Retinitis Pigmentosa?
Retinitis Pigmentosa is a hereditary disease where a specific gene defect causes the cells in the Retina of the eye to misfire.
There isn’t a defined cure or treatment, however, many find the onset to be quite slow. The symptoms begin with central vision losses, but there are cases where the outside of vision can deteriorate slowly creating a tunnel vision effect.
What are the common symptoms of Retinitis Pigmentosa?
- Poor vision in dim-lit environments
- Problems with glare
- Difficult reading print
- Stumbling over unseen objects
- A reduced central vision or side or peripheral vision
How is Retinitis Pigmentosa diagnosed?
If you or your optometrist suspect Retinitis Pigmentosa, these are some tests typically used to diagnose patients:
Optical coherence tomography (OCT)
During this procedure, the eye doctor will take detailed images of your retina to examine any signs of damage among the fine structures of the photoreceptors in your eye.
Colour vision test
Patients are tested on their ability to see colours.
A patient’s retina is tested to measure how it responds to light. Ophthalmologists can then assess the health of the different layers of the retina.
Retinitis Pigmentosa can be hereditary. A sample of blood or saliva can be taken to detect the gene and assess the potential risk of RP developing.
An image of the retina is produced in blue light to detect any Retinitis Pigmentosa health issues in the eye.
Visual field test
Flashing lights are protected around the patient’s eye to assess which lights they can or can’t see. This shows their field of vision.
If you suspect you are experiencing Retinitis Pigmentosa, please book an appointment as soon as possible. We recommend regular eye tests for Retinitis Pigmentosa patients to prevent further complications.
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Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disorder that leads to progressive vision loss. Our team can provide specialised care and support to help manage the condition and improve your quality of life.