Retinitis Pigmentosa

What is Retinitis Pigmentosa?

Retinitis Pigmentosa is a hereditary disease where a specific gene defect causes the cells in the Retina of the eye to misfire.

There isn’t a defined cure or treatment, however, many find the onset to be quite slow. The symptoms begin with central vision losses, but there are cases where the outside of vision can deteriorate slowly creating a tunnel vision effect.

What are the common symptoms of Retinitis Pigmentosa?

  • Poor vision in dim-lit environments
  • Problems with glare
  • Difficult reading print
  • Stumbling over unseen objects
  • A reduced central vision or side or peripheral vision

How is Retinitis Pigmentosa diagnosed?

If you or your optometrist suspect Retinitis Pigmentosa, these are some tests typically used to diagnose patients:

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)

During this procedure, the eye doctor will take detailed images of your retina to examine any signs of damage among the fine structures of the photoreceptors in your eye.

Colour vision test

Patients are tested on their ability to see colours.

Electroretinogram (ERG)

A patient’s retina is tested to measure how it responds to light. Ophthalmologists can then assess the health of the different layers of the retina.

Genetic testing

Retinitis Pigmentosa can be hereditary. A sample of blood or saliva can be taken to detect the gene and assess the potential risk of RP developing.

Autofluorescence imaging

An image of the retina is produced in blue light to detect any Retinitis Pigmentosa health issues in the eye.

Visual field test

Flashing lights are protected around the patient’s eye to assess which lights they can or can’t see. This shows their field of vision.

If you suspect you are experiencing Retinitis Pigmentosa, please book an appointment as soon as possible. We recommend regular eye tests for Retinitis Pigmentosa patients to prevent further complications.

Eye Health


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Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that damages the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss. We offer comprehensive screenings and advanced treatments to manage glaucoma, ensuring early detection and care for our patients.


Hyperopia, or farsightedness, makes it difficult to focus on close objects. Our skilled optometrists can provide accurate assessments and recommend appropriate corrective measures.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration affects central vision and can lead to significant visual impairment. Our experts provide comprehensive evaluations and offer guidance on lifestyle modifications and treatment options to help preserve your vision.


Myopia, or near-sightedness, causes difficulty in seeing distant objects clearly. We offer various corrective options to address myopia and provide clear vision.


Nystagmus is an involuntary eye movement that can affect vision. Our professionals can diagnose and manage nystagmus, providing strategies and resources to optimise your visual function.


Presbyopia is an age-related condition that affects near vision. We can guide you through available options, including progressive lenses or multifocal contact lenses, to enhance your reading and close-up vision.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disorder that leads to progressive vision loss. Our team can provide specialised care and support to help manage the condition and improve your quality of life.

Book an eye test today