What is Diabetes?
Diabetes affects a significant portion of the population, with an estimated 3% of individuals impacted. This condition arises due to inadequate insulin production, leading to hyperglycaemia or elevated blood glucose levels.
There are two primary forms of diabetes, Type 1 (Insulin Dependent) and Type 2 (Non-Insulin Dependent). Type 1 typically manifests during adolescence and stems from damaged pancreatic cells, necessitating regular insulin injections. In contrast, Type 2 diabetes can emerge later in life (typically after age 50) and often does not require insulin injections. Instead, it can be managed effectively with a healthy diet and occasional medication.
Any diabetic should have their internal eye health checked annually using pupil dilation in conjunction with retinal camera photography, this is typically is undertaken by an NHS screening outside of an opticians by a technician.
Our Ultra-wide Optomap will see much further out than the NHS camera without dilation. We are also one of a few in UK who have the first Artificial intelligence (Optos AI) software specifically for Diabetic Retinopathy. Optos AI for Diabetic Retinopathy demonstrates excellent disease detection performance with sensitivity of over 96% and specificity of over 93%.
These images will be archived for future comparison. The diabetic retina characteristically shows a progression of circumstances including different types of “exudates”, “haemorrhages”, “cotton wool spots” and ultimately end-stage retinal detachment. Although, with good blood glucose regulation most diabetics can prevent significant eye damage.
While the partial treatment we offer (photocoagulation) can be effective, the best means of prevention is accomplished solely through good diabetic respect and frequent eye assessment.
Cataracts cause clouding of the lens, resulting in blurred vision. We offer cataract evaluations and advanced surgical options to restore your vision and improve your quality of life.
Diabetes can have a significant impact on eye health, causing conditions like diabetic retinopathy. We work collaboratively with your healthcare team to manage and monitor any diabetes-related eye concerns.
Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that damages the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss. We offer comprehensive screenings and advanced treatments to manage glaucoma, ensuring early detection and care for our patients.
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, makes it difficult to focus on close objects. Our skilled optometrists can provide accurate assessments and recommend appropriate corrective measures.
Macular degeneration affects central vision and can lead to significant visual impairment. Our experts provide comprehensive evaluations and offer guidance on lifestyle modifications and treatment options to help preserve your vision.
Myopia, or near-sightedness, causes difficulty in seeing distant objects clearly. We offer various corrective options to address myopia and provide clear vision.
Nystagmus is an involuntary eye movement that can affect vision. Our professionals can diagnose and manage nystagmus, providing strategies and resources to optimise your visual function.
Presbyopia is an age-related condition that affects near vision. We can guide you through available options, including progressive lenses or multifocal contact lenses, to enhance your reading and close-up vision.
Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic disorder that leads to progressive vision loss. Our team can provide specialised care and support to help manage the condition and improve your quality of life.